What kind of political culture prevails in Guanajuato?

Dr. Ma. Aidé Hernández

This talk pursues two main objectives; first, it will discuss what the essential dimensions of a democratic political culture should be. Second, it will analyze the political culture condition in Guanajuato. It will be based on the results of the State Political Culture Survey 2016. To provide a background, political culture should be comprehended as ‘the set of orientations (cognitive, affective and evaluative) towards any element of the political system, as well as the values and forms of participation (conventional and unconventional) of an individual in the public sphere’. This work suggests that an individual who has a democratic political culture is tolerant, respects the laws, supports democracy, trusts institutions participates (in a social, political, and electoral way) in Society and is informed of the politics.
The main argument will sustain that in Guanajuato people discriminate, mainly, by gender, economic resources, and appearance. Although they consider legality as the way to resolve conflicts, there is a lack of respect for the laws and little confidence in the Courts. In relation to the concept of democracy, they understand it as ‘equality and justice’. Furthermore, they do not trust political institutions. All of this is reflected in the low subjective competition and the limited political participation. Additionally, as the church and the teachers are the most prestigious institutions, the greatest participation is in the social life.
All in all, at the end of this talk we will establish that this type of culture is strengthening a specific type of regime.