The Role of Foreign and International Agencies in the Promotion of Human Security and Resilience after Disasters: The Case of Leyte after Super Typhoon Haiyan

Dr. Maria Ela Atienza

This paper looks at the roles played by foreign and international agencies in disaster risk reduction looking at areas affected by super typhoon Haiyan, particularly in three areas in Leyte province (Palo, Tacloban City and Tanauan). Do they promote human security and resilience in disaster-affected areas? Using the lens of human security and resilience, the paper is based on data from related literature and relevant databases, key informant and household interviews, surveys and focus group discussions conducted from 2015 to 2018. It will first look at the Philippines’ institutional structure and guidelines for foreign and international aid in disaster risk reduction, response and management and the specific frameworks of aid guiding some of the prominent foreign and international aid agencies that participated in the post-disaster situation in Haiyan-areas. Second, it will look at the relationship and linkages of foreign and international agencies with national and local governments and the affected communities in the aftermath of the disaster. Are interventions in the area donor-driven or done in cooperation/coordination with other stakeholders, e.g. governments and communities? Third, the paper looks into the impacts of foreign and international aid agencies on human security and resilience, with focus on addressing vulnerability, poverty, and adaptation in the affected areas. Finally, there will be an assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of the interventions of foreign and international agencies. Lessons for future interventions will be drawn from the discussions.