Political Crisis and Tourism Sector Relation: The Case Study of Turkey

Dr. Kadir Cakar
Mrs. Pınar Buket Kılınç Pala

In the present era, tourism which is regarded as a fastest growing service industry is paid remarkable attention due to its economic contributions to the countries. It is also seen the engine both for creator of jobs in terms of national and regional economies and Gross Domestic Products (GDP) that is accounted for around 10%. Using quantitative methods, prior studies revealed that there is a bidirectional causal relationship between tourism development and political crisis. The same situation that abovementioned applies for Turkey as well. Turkey- like many other countries- as an emerging country of destination has also recently faced many unprecedented challenges. The recent major crises that the country has experienced have been terrorist attacks, refugee crisis, attempted coup and diplomatic row with Russia, Germany and Netherlands. Such crisis events have debilitated the image of country while increased security concerns for international travellers. Such abovementioned critical events, which to a lesser or greater degree, negatively impacted the country’s economic growth. The present research is designed to investigate the possible adverse effects of recent political crisis events. Following this aim, the present study is designed to firstly explain the relationship between political crisis and tourism sector. The paper takes a case study approach and explore political crisis in Turkey between 2000 and 2017. Then the next section encapsulates results aiming to work on two different figure. In the number of the increase tourists coming to Turkey in the research years calculates and it will be investigates whether it is the effect of policy crises that have been taking place for years. Finally, the conclusion part identifies the implications and limitations along with offering recommendations for future research studies.