State Capacities in Developing Countries in Comparative Perspective

Panel Code

Since the early nineties, some emerging countries witnessed a transition from neoliberal hegemony to a different model of development, based on state intervention and expansion of aggregate demand through a combination of productive and/or social policies. In Latin America, in particular, after a period of social regression, an expansion cycle of social protection emerged with a decrease in poverty and inequality rates and the creation of a safety net announcing a new welfare regime. In Asia, there are successful experiences of economic growth led by state intervention - such as China and India -, but the construction of welfare regimes has not gained centrality as in Latin America. From the academic perspective, experiences in both regions can be explained by the role of the State in social protection and the breeding political conditions behind it. This panel proposal aims to analyze experiences of state intervention seeking socio-economic development in a comparative perspective. It is based on the research questions: Is there a process of Welfare State building in developing countries?; Which is the contribution that can be made from the perspective of State capacities?; and, What is the role of coalitions in the dynamics of socio-economic development? The proposal describes different national cases in emerging countrie, emphasising the cases of Asian and Latin American countries.