From Regionalism to Mega-regional Deals and Trans-regional Initiatives: Evolution, Challenges, and Trends

Dr. Maria Garcia
Panel Code

This panel shines a light on recent trends transforming the modalities and expressions of regionalism in Asia-Pacific, and how this affects definitions and conceptualisations of regionalism. The different cases explored highlight: the continued influence of the United States in spreading particular ideas about economic and trade governance in the region; the dynamics of Chinese influence in the region, as well as regional responses to China’s rise, and US security withdrawal from the region, which are shifting the core of regional integration away from the consensus around ASEAN’s role in regional integration towards new transregional and cross-regional varieties of regionalism with differing levels of institutionalization, formalism, and approaches ranging from mega-trade agreements to China’s infrastructure-centred Belt and Road Initiative.