Political Culture and Alternation in the Subnational Democracies in Mexico: an Evaluation of Democratic Quality

Panel Code

At the end of the eighties’ decade, various conditions, including key elements of political culture, were added to produce the alternation in different subnational democracies. The first case happened in Baja California (1989), continued in Guanajuato (1991) and Chihuahua (1992) with the rise of the PAN party to the Executive Power, so that in the following ten years, eleven states, including Federal District, had achieved that an opponent political party reached for the first time the Executive Power, being the PRD, left political force, in this last case. In fact, with the alternation in the Republic’s presidency in 2000, the phenomenon gained strength until reach those states in which the political elite had manged to control the relapse of power, so that in 2010, three of the main PRI bastions, Oaxaca, Puebla and Sinaloa, through the strategy of the electoral alliances integrated by parties both right and left, managed to displace the PRI; some of these cases have been experiences of divided government, so that today exist only two of them where the regime continues being represented by the PRI: State of Mexico and Coahuila. In that direction, in this panel, different specialists accost, by one side, the relationship of political culture and alternation, and by the other, the effects of the alternation in subnational democracies, taking as base for the analysis the parameters that characterize the quality democracies.