Public administration in colonial-settler societies operates within a unique – and often fraught – relationship between the state and those Indigenous communities that exist within it. To different extents, legacies of harm have started to be acknowledged by these states, including Canada, New Zealand, the United States and Australia. However, efforts to build positive and inclusive relationships between the public sector and Indigenous peoples have often fallen short. Scholarship on public administration and policy has explored colonization, self-determination and under-representation in the public sector as contributing to the fractious relationships that often exist between the public sector and Indigenous communities. However, we have not yet fully explored the relationship between public administration and Indigenous ontology and epistemology or the tensions between Weberian bureaucracy and Indigenous knowledge. This panel will bring together papers that critically examine the public sector’s response to Indigenous people and communities in a variety of national perspectives, as well as exploring the relationship between Indigenous knowledge, culture and people within the public sector expressed as a modern bureaucracy.