Clientelism, Vote Buying, and Other Birds of Feather

Panel Code

The mainstream notion is that the stability of institutions and clarity of the law , as well as the ability to 'throw out the rascals' in veteran democracies, and what Johnston called 'deep democratization' in new and emerging democracies serve as hedge against corruption. This has proven true insofar that 'petty corruption ' is concerned. This , however , is less true where other forms of corruption are involved . This panel will examine such forms and seek explanations as to why they prevail in non authoritarian systems .