Analyzing Multi-layered Perceptions of a 'State' in War-torn Societies

Dr. Dai Yamao
Panel Code

This panel aims to explore how people living in (post) conflict and war-torn societies come to have various perceptions of their state such as Syria, Iraq, and Bosnia.

Civil wars and ethnic conflicts resulted in bringing about numbers of so-called collapsed states especially in post-Cold War era. As a collapsed state loses its statehood since it fails to provide people with even basic political goods, it is reasonable to assume that people come to have various images of their ideal states, which are most probably different from those of before the conflicts. This is partly because number of non-state actors began to depend significantly on cross-border socio-political activities beyond the state boundary. Also existing transnational human networks can further accelerate these cross-border activities, which would generate various perspectives on a ‘state’ among the people.

While these multi-layered images of a state has been basically observed by researchers specializing in a certain region or country, little studies have been done to conduct comparative studies particularly with quantitative methods such as poll survey analysis.

Hence, this panel attempts to clarify a structure that people come to have various perceptions of a state and why and how these multi-layered perspectives has been created in war-torn societies such as Syria, Iraq, and Bosnia.

This panel tries to clarify what kind of state perceptions were created by transnational network of non-state actors, how people are negotiating states to form.