Lecture by the Global South Award Winner 2018: Meenakshi Bansal (India)
"Transformational Changes in Participation of Women in India's Electoral Politics"
Gender equality is a significant marker of the maturity and efficacy of any democratic nation. In this regard, Indian constitution has given both men and women equal rights and opportunities in every area. In practice; however, it is often more challenging for Indian women to fully participate in electoral politics and exercise their rights. The main objective of this lecture is to present the major transformational changes in the participation of women in India’s Electoral politics mainly in the context of Lok Sabha. The research methodology is analytical in nature, the study area is Indian general election from 1952 to 2014 and for data collection; it is confined upto secondary sources. The findings indicate that there is an increase in number of women legislatures, contestants, seats allotment by national parties, in women voter turnout and success rate of female contestants for becoming Member of Parliament. On the other hand, there is also a decrease in the gap between men and women turnout. At the end, it has been suggested that Women's Reservation Bill, which seeks to reserve one-third of seats for women in the Lok Sabha and state legislative assemblies should be passed for ensuring equitable and participatory democracy.
Dr. Meenakshi Bansal is a scholar and analyst from India. She currently works in the Post Graduate Department of Political Science at JVMGRR College, Charkhi Dadri (Haryana), India. She received University Research Scholarship (URS) from M. D. University for a Ph.D. degree.
She has written extensively on issues like HRD practices, Indian Politics, Election, Human rights and Women’s participation, which have not only presented in various National and International seminar/ conferences in India but have also been published as research papers in Journals of National and International repute. She has a Life Membership of Indian Political Science Association. Her areas of expertise are Indian Constitution, Public Policy and Gender Studies.